PART 2 重要句式结构
What I am proficient in is ancient Chinese literature.
That’s where he met me.
All those eligible will receive a cash handout.
The new law clearly benefits those earning the most money.
Only 18 percent of those surveyed opposed the idea.
I'm going to sort these old books into those to be kept and those to be thrown away.
Have some consideration for those without a job.
Only those who had booked in advance were allowed in.
We must try to find out those which may be attacked most easily.
This disease is more likely to strike those whose immune systems are already below par.
The poems which he wrote in the countryside are generally agreed to be those in which he found his true voice.
He who can be a best servant can be a best leader.
I am considering how to manage this assignment But who is to judge what is virtue and what is vice?
His work as a consultant consisted in advising foreign companies on the siting of new factories.
Members of a competitive team can always keep them motivated, especially when confronted with tough situation and fierce competition.
…, if any. (表示如果有…的话)
State your hypothesis or theory, if any.
What, if anything, should the law do about it？
Rather, parents should employ a variety of methods to discipline their children.
But in a market society, the economists observed, prices are set by demand and supply.
They are no more “special” or “fair” than other prices that market conditions—including
those promoted by a hurricane—may bring about. 补充信息。
Higher prices have the advantages, economists argued, of limiting the use of such things by consumers. 转述说的话时，“某某说”可以做插入语。
Jeff, a pro-market commentator writing the book Boston Globe, argued against this law on similar grounds. 对身份的补充。
Many people, including those who support this law, find the virtue argument discomfiting. 包含的对象的具体说明。
All they ever see is the play of shadows on the wall, a reflection of objects they can never apprehend. 同位语，用以解释或者补充前面的名词
To do sth 作主语
To punish a very young child is both wrong and foolish.
By doing sth, … 表示做事的方式途径
By providing incentives for suppliers to produce more of the needed goods, it do more good than harm.
Not surprisingly, the opponents of this law invoke these two similar arguments for free markets.
Doing/To do A is not doing/to do B. 做A并不是做B. 表示从反面对A的补充
To acknowledge the moral forces of virtue argument is not to insist it must always prevail over competing considerations.
It is about cultivating the attitudes and the qualities of characters, on which a good society depends.
Aristotle maintains that we cannot figure out what a just consideration is without first reflecting of the most desirable way of life.
At the heart of the disagreement are rival conceptions of moral character.
Underlying the phenomenon was a profound reason.
Sth is not (that)…but (that)…,
The public’s objection to the bonuses is not that they reward greed but that they reward failure.
The answer is that moral reflection is not a solitary pursuit but a public endeavor.
A market-driven society
A knowledge-based economy
He did want them to take responsibility for their failure.
Couldn’t it be argued that难道不能认为。。。，
How can it be。。 怎么可能。。
What would sth be if…如果…sth 会怎样？
Awarded the Noble Prize, Yoyouyou become known by public, making her the most influential figure of this year.
Confronted with this situation, we…..
Socrates suggests that, having glimpsed the sun, only the philosopher is fit to rule the cave dwellers, if he can somehow be coaxes into the darkness where they live.
Let us not forget either that…咱们也不要忘记。。。
Let us forget either that traditional products, whether these be medicines or food, provide employment for local people.
PART 3 词组与句子搭配
Include but not limited in sth
We welcome potential candidates including but not limited those who have affluent experience in education.
Now women work both before and after having their children.
Either you or I am wrong.
Neither he nor she is at home today.
The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it will never forget what they did here.
There is no such thing as xx. 并没有这种叫xx的
There is no such thing as a “just price”.
His boss is too hard to get along with.
It is worthwhile/worth one’s while/worth while doing（=worth doing）/ to do something(=worthy to do sth).
Be worth+名词形式（名词，doing sth）
Be worthy to do sth/ of doing sth
If its price is higher, manufacturers will find it worth their while to produce more goods.
It points out a moral argument worth seriously taking.
Sb get sth done. /sth get done. 表示sth 被怎么样。
It is how goods and services get allocated in a free society.
The debate about sth raises hard questions of …引出问题
Take advantage of 利用使用
Is it wrong for sellers of goods and services to take advantage of a natural disaster by charging whatever the market will bear?
Not only(simply)…, (but) also…
These questions are not only about how individuals should treat one another. They are also about what the law should be, how society should be organizes.
More than. 不单单
Over the last decade, the prices more than doubled. But the outrage at this behavior is more
than mindless anger. More than a personal vice, it is at odds with civic virtue.
The question is … /the problem with… is that问题是
The question is whether, or to what extent, people are free rather than forced.
Mean that+从句，mean doing sth意味着
Aristotle teaches that justice means that giving people what they deserve.
It is … that/to do…
So it is understandable that people are not keen to reward it.
The line between A and B..
The line between success and failure is clear.
Have a hard time doing sth. 艰难地做某事
I have a hard time understanding the public’s furry.
Once and for all一劳永逸
Political philosopher cannot resolve these arguments once and for all.
Turn to doing sth转而做某事
People turn to buying new brands.
Have access to sth
Some may argue that all people are entitled to have access to the same products.
Tell/distinguish…from…/ Tell/distinguish the difference between A and B.
Have long been 很早就。。。
There has long been controversy about the negative effects of travelling by cars
否定或者消极的陈述，let alone …。更不用说。。。
He cannot read an article fluently, let alone write a decent essay.